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Frommer moved back to academia in as a full-time faculty member at the University of Southern California's Marshall School of Business and became chair of the department for the Centre of Management Communication in and held that position to Frommer also wrote for the film Step into the Third Dimension . After being contacted by Lightstorm Entertainment , James Cameron's own production company, Frommer was hired to create the Na'vi language for Avatar after a ninety minute interview with Cameron.
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Requested to build a language with a consistent sound system phonology , word-building rules morphology , rules for putting words together into phrases and sentences syntax , and a vocabulary lexicon sufficient for the needs of the script. Cameron also requested that the language be 'pleasant sounding and appealing to cinema audiences'.
Taking inspiration from the 30 to 40 words Cameron had already creating for place names and character names, Frommer developed the phonetics and phonology of the language - 'the sounds that would and would not appear in the language, along with the rules for combining sounds into syllables and words and the pronunciation rules that might in certain circumstances change one sound into another'. Throughout the production process, Frommer had to be aware that although the language was alien, it had to be spoken by human actors. Frommer also designed the morphology structure of words and syntax the structuring of sentences and words for the language.
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Frommer included structures and processes that were relatively rare in human languages but that could be acquired by humans as the language was used on another planet. For example, the morphology for the language was achieved exclusively through infixes, less common than prefixes and suffixes in human languages. Relying on the actors to communicate the stresses and emphasis of words of the language, Frommer meet with the Na'vi speaking actors such as Sam Worthington and Zoe Saldana and supplied them with MP3 recordings of the language as well as coaching the actors in specific areas of communication in the language.
Since Avatar's release, Frommer has received numerous emails from avid fans of the language, with suggestions for improvement and expansion, as well as numerous websites growing with learning Na'vi functions and lessons.
Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Panama by Jisel Perilla. Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — Frommer's? America's 1 bestselling travel series Written by more than outspoken travelers around the globe, Frommer's Complete Guides help travelers experience places the way locals do.
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Sort order. Dec 29, Heather rated it liked it. A good basic guide to the regions that I visited in Panama, but since the publication date is , a bit out of date. I was able to cross-reference with Trip Advisor when I had wifi, especially for restaurant information. I would recommend the just published guide, which I have not read, for this reason.